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jQuery头像预览上传裁剪加滤镜特效

 所属分类:网页特效-图片裁剪

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jQuery头像预览上传裁剪加滤镜特效兼容IE6
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素材描述:主要用于头像上传使用,JS对上传图片进行裁剪,滤镜等操作。仅前端代码,配置后端地址后可实现上传。

详细介绍

使用介绍:

完整的javaScript结构

$(function () {
    var canvas = document.getElementById("container"),
        context = canvas.getContext("2d"),
        //文件服务器地址
        fileServer = null,
        //适配环境,随时修改事件名称
        eventName = { down: "mousedown", move: "mousemove", up: "mouseup", click: "click" };
    //////////canvas尺寸配置
    var canvasConfig = {
        //容器canvas尺寸
        width: 500,
        height: 300,
        //原图放大/缩小
        zoom: 1,
        //图片对象
        img: null,
        //图片完整显示在canvas容器内的尺寸
        size: null,
        //图片绘制偏移,为了原图不移出框外,这个只能是负值or 0
        offset: { x: 0, y: 0 },
        //当前应用的滤镜
        filter: null
    }
    canvas.width = canvasConfig.width;
    canvas.height = canvasConfig.height;
    ///////////设置选择工具配置
    var config = {
        //图片选择框当前大小、最大大小、最小大小
        pickerSize: 100,
        minSize: 50,
        maxSize: 200,
        x: canvas.width / 2 - 100 / 2,
        y: canvas.height / 2 - 100 / 2
    }
    /////////////结果canvas配置
    var resCanvas = [$("#res1")[0].getContext("2d"), $("#res2")[0].getContext("2d"), $("#res3")[0].getContext("2d")];
    //结果canvas尺寸配置
    var resSize = [100, 50, 32]
    resSize.forEach(function (size, i) {
        $("#res" + (i + 1))[0].width = size;
        $("#res" + (i + 1))[0].height = size;
    });
    //////// 滤镜配置
    var filters = [];
    filters.push({
        name: "灰度", func: function (pixelData) {
            //r、g、b、a
            //灰度滤镜公式: gray=r*0.3+g*0.59+b*0.11
            var gray;
            for (var i = 0; i < canvasConfig.width * canvasConfig.height; i++) {
                gray = pixelData[4 * i + 0] * 0.3 + pixelData[4 * i + 1] * 0.59 + pixelData[4 * i + 2] * 0.11;
                pixelData[4 * i + 0] = gray;
                pixelData[4 * i + 1] = gray;
                pixelData[4 * i + 2] = gray;
            }
        }
    });
    filters.push({
        name: "黑白", func: function (pixelData) {
            //r、g、b、a
            //黑白滤镜公式: 0 or 255
            var gray;
            for (var i = 0; i < canvasConfig.width * canvasConfig.height; i++) {
                gray = pixelData[4 * i + 0] * 0.3 + pixelData[4 * i + 1] * 0.59 + pixelData[4 * i + 2] * 0.11;
                if (gray > 255 / 2) {
                    gray = 255;
                }
                else {
                    gray = 0;
                }
                pixelData[4 * i + 0] = gray;
                pixelData[4 * i + 1] = gray;
                pixelData[4 * i + 2] = gray;
            }
        }
    });
    filters.push({
        name: "反色", func: function (pixelData) {
            for (var i = 0; i < canvasConfig.width * canvasConfig.height; i++) {
                pixelData[i * 4 + 0] = 255 - pixelData[i * 4 + 0];
                pixelData[i * 4 + 1] = 255 - pixelData[i * 4 + 1];
                pixelData[i * 4 + 2] = 255 - pixelData[i * 4 + 2];
            }
        }
    });
    filters.push({ name: "无", func: null });
    // 添加滤镜按钮
    filters.forEach(function (filter) {
        var button = $("<button>" + filter.name + "</button>");
        button.on(eventName.click, function () {
            canvasConfig.filter = filter.func;
            //重绘
            draw(context, canvasConfig.img, canvasConfig.size);
        })
        $("#filters").append(button);
    });
    //下载生成的图片(只下载第一张)
    $("#download").on(eventName.click, function () {

        //将mime-type改为image/octet-stream,强制让浏览器直接download
        var _fixType = function (type) {
            type = type.toLowerCase().replace(/jpg/i, 'jpeg');
            var r = type.match(/png|jpeg|bmp|gif/)[0];
            return 'image/' + r;
        };
        var saveFile = function (data, filename) {
            var save_link = document.createElementNS('http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml', 'a');
            save_link.href = data;
            save_link.download = filename;
            var event = document.createEvent('MouseEvents');
            event.initMouseEvent('click', true, false, window, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, false, false, false, false, 0, null);
            save_link.dispatchEvent(event);
        };
        var imgData = $("#res1")[0].toDataURL("png");
        imgData = imgData.replace(_fixType("png"), 'image/octet-stream');//base64
        saveFile(imgData, "头像created on" + new Date().getTime() + "." + "png");
    });
    //上传图片
    $("#upload").on(eventName.click, function () {
        var imgData = $("#res1")[0].toDataURL("png");
        imgData = imgData.replace(/^data:image\/(png|jpg);base64,/, "");
        if (!fileServer) {
            alert("请配置文件服务器地址");
            return;
        }

        var blobBin = atob(imgData);
        var array = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < blobBin.length; i++) {
            array.push(blobBin.charCodeAt(i));
        }
        var blob = new Blob([new Uint8Array(array)], { type: 'image/png' });
        var file = new File([blob], "userlogo.png", { type: 'image/png' });
        var formdata = new FormData();
        formdata.append("userlogo", file);
        $.ajax({
            type: 'POST',
            url: fileServer,
            data: formdata,
            processData: false,
            contentType: false,
            success: function (msg) {
                $("#uploadres").text(JSON.stringify(msg));
            }
        });
    });
    //绑定选择图片事件
    $("#fileinput").change(function () {
        var file = this.files[0],
            URL = (window.webkitURL || window.URL),
            url = URL.createObjectURL(file),
            img = new Image();
        img.src = url;
        img.onload = function () {
            canvasConfig.img = img;
            canvasConfig.size = getFixedSize(img, canvas);
            draw(context, img, canvasConfig.size);
            setPicker();
        }

    });
    //移动选择框
    //绑定鼠标在选择工具上按下的事件
    $("#picker").on(eventName.down, function (e) {
        e.stopPropagation();
        var start = { x: e.clientX, y: e.clientY, initX: config.x, initY: config.y };
        $("#canvasContainer").on(eventName.move, function (e) {
            // 将x、y限制在框内
            config.x = Math.min(Math.max(start.initX + e.clientX - start.x, 0), canvasConfig.width - config.pickerSize);
            config.y = Math.min(Math.max(start.initY + e.clientY - start.y, 0), canvasConfig.height - config.pickerSize);
            setPicker();
        })
    });
    //原图移动事件
    $("#container").on(eventName.down, function (e) {
        e.stopPropagation();
        var start = { x: e.clientX, y: e.clientY, initX: canvasConfig.offset.x, initY: canvasConfig.offset.y };
        var size = canvasConfig.size;
        $("#canvasContainer").on(eventName.move, function (e) {
            // 将x、y限制在框内
            // 坐标<0  当图片大于容器  坐标>容器-图片   否则不能移动
            canvasConfig.offset.x = Math.max(Math.min(start.initX + e.clientX - start.x, 0), Math.min(canvasConfig.width - size.width * canvasConfig.zoom, 0));
            canvasConfig.offset.y = Math.max(Math.min(start.initY + e.clientY - start.y, 0), Math.min(canvasConfig.height - size.height * canvasConfig.zoom, 0));
            //重绘蒙版
            draw(context, canvasConfig.img, canvasConfig.size);
        })
    });
    //改变选择框大小事件
    $("#resize").on(eventName.down, function (e) {
        e.stopPropagation();
        var start = { x: e.clientX, init: config.pickerSize };
        $("#canvasContainer").on(eventName.move, function (e) {
            config.pickerSize = Math.min(Math.max(start.init + e.clientX - start.x, config.minSize), config.maxSize);
            $("#picker").css({ width: config.pickerSize, height: config.pickerSize });
            draw(context, canvasConfig.img, canvasConfig.size);
        })
    });
    $(document).on(eventName.up, function (e) {
        $("#canvasContainer").unbind(eventName.move);
    })
    //原图放大、缩小
    $("#bigger").on(eventName.click, function () {
        canvasConfig.zoom = Math.min(3, canvasConfig.zoom + 0.1);
        //重绘蒙版
        draw(context, canvasConfig.img, canvasConfig.size);
    })
    $("#smaller").on(eventName.click, function () {
        canvasConfig.zoom = Math.max(0.4, canvasConfig.zoom - 0.1);
        //重绘蒙版
        draw(context, canvasConfig.img, canvasConfig.size);
    })

    // 定位选择工具
    function setPicker() {
        $("#picker").css({
            width: config.pickerSize + "px", height: config.pickerSize + "px",
            top: config.y, left: config.x
        });
        //重绘蒙版
        draw(context, canvasConfig.img, canvasConfig.size);
    }
    //绘制canvas中的图片和蒙版
    function draw(context, img, size) {
        var pickerSize = config.pickerSize,
            zoom = canvasConfig.zoom,
            offset = canvasConfig.offset;
        context.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
        context.drawImage(img, 0, 0, img.width, img.height, offset.x, offset.y, size.width * zoom, size.height * zoom);
        //绘制挖洞后的蒙版
        context.save();
        context.beginPath();
        pathRect(context, config.x, config.y, pickerSize, pickerSize);
        context.rect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
        context.closePath();
        context.fillStyle = "rgba(255,255,255,0.9)";
        context.fill();
        context.restore();
        //绘制结果
        var imageData = context.getImageData(config.x, config.y, pickerSize, pickerSize)
        resCanvas.forEach(function (resContext, i) {
            resContext.clearRect(0, 0, resSize[i], resSize[i]);
            resContext.drawImage(canvas, config.x, config.y, pickerSize, pickerSize, 0, 0, resSize[i], resSize[i]);
            //添加滤镜效果
            if (canvasConfig.filter) {
                var imageData = resContext.getImageData(0, 0, resSize[i], resSize[i]);
                var temp = resContext.getImageData(0, 0, resSize[i], resSize[i]);// 有的滤镜实现需要temp数据
                canvasConfig.filter(imageData.data, temp);
                resContext.putImageData(imageData, 0, 0, 0, 0, resSize[i], resSize[i]);
            }
        });
    }
    //逆时针用路径自己来绘制矩形,这样可以控制方向,以便挖洞
    // 起点x,起点y,宽度,高度
    function pathRect(context, x, y, width, height) {
        context.moveTo(x, y);
        context.lineTo(x, y + height);
        context.lineTo(x + width, y + height);
        context.lineTo(x + width, y);
        context.lineTo(x, y);
    }
    // 根据图片和canvas的尺寸,确定图片显示在canvas中的尺寸
    function getFixedSize(img, canvas) {
        var cancasRate = canvas.width / canvas.height,
            imgRate = img.width / img.height, width = img.width, height = img.height;
        if (cancasRate >= imgRate && img.height > canvas.height) {
            height = canvas.height;
            width = imgRate * height;
        }
        else if (cancasRate < imgRate && img.width > canvas.width) {
            width = canvas.width;
            height = width / imgRate;
        }
        return { width: width, height: height };
    }
});

上传服务器地址配置

$.ajax({
    type: 'POST',
    url: fileServer,
    data: formdata,
    processData: false,
    contentType: false,
    success: function (msg) {
        $("#uploadres").text(JSON.stringify(msg));
    }
});

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一***句  
2016年11月07日

这个后端不知道怎么处理啊

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